In Finnish culture, nudism is thought of as a comparatively standard manner to live. It really is not unusual to see entire families spending time together nude. Families may be naked while bathing in a sauna, swimming in a pool, or playing on a strand, and it’s not unusual to see kids playing naked in a kindergarten or family lawn for example. Nudity as a whole is considered less taboo than many other states.[41][42][43][44][45]

Main article: Naturism in France

In 1903 la Revue des deux mondes printed a report on German nudism and S. Gay created a naturist community at Bois-Fourgon. In 1907, supported by his superiors, Abb Legre encouraged the students at his catholic faculty to bathe naked on the rocky beaches near Marseille.
Sign on the beach at Cap d’Agde

Marcel Kienn de Mongeot is credited with starting naturism in France in 1920. His family had suffered from tuberculosis, and he saw naturism as a remedy and a continuation of the conventions of the ancient Greeks. In 1926, he started the magazine Vivre intgralement (later called Vivre) and the first French naturist club, Sparta Club at Garambouville, near Evreux. The court actions that he began, created that nudism was legal on private property that was fenced and screened.[8]
Randonue in Les Concluses, Gard, 2008

Drs. Andr and Gaston Durville purchased a 70 hectare site on the le du Levant where they established the village of Hliopolis. The hamlet was open to the people. In 1925 Dr Franois Fougerat de David de Lastours wrote a dissertation on heliotherapy. and in that year opened the Club gymnique de France. In 1936, the naturist movement was officially recognised.[8]

The Quartier Naturiste at Agde offers an alternative form of social nudity. Euronat is the largest holiday center (335ha) situated 10 km north of Montalivet. Naturism employs more than 3000 people, and is estimated to be worth 250 million Euro to the French economy.
Main article: Naturism in Germany
See also: Freikrperkultur

German naturism was part of the Lebensreform movement and the Wandervogel youth movement of 1896, from Steglitz, Berlin which promoted notions of fitness and vigour. At precisely the same time physicians of the Natural Healing Movement were using heliotherapy, treating diseases such as TB, rheumatism and scrofula with exposure to sunshine.[34]
Nacktkultur, a term coined in 1903 by Heinrich Pudor, boomed.[46] Nacktkultur linked nudity, vegetarianism and societal reform. It was practised in a network of 200 members clubs. The movement gained prominence in the 1920s as offering a well-being giving life style with Utopian ideals. Germany published the first naturist journal between 1902 and 1932.[31] It became politicised by extreme socialists who considered it would result in classlessness and a breaking down of society. It became linked with pacificism.[47]

In 1926, Adolf Koch created a school of naturism in Berlin; encouraging a mixing of the genders, open air exercises, and a programme of “sexual hygiene”.
Youthful East German women at a naturist beach in 1988.

During the National Socialist Gleichschaltung age, all naturist clubs had to enroll with the Reichsbund fr Leibesbungen, which meant excluding Jews and Communists. Also, they had to keep concealed in the countryside where there was little chance of being seen by others. The status as a West German sports federation member granted the clubs rights and privileges (e.g. tax exemptions) so the naturist clubs continued in the federation after the war had ended.

After the war, East Germans were free to practice naturism, primarily at beaches rather than clubs (private organizations being regarded as potentially subversive). Nudism became a substantial component in DDR politics. Germans are typically the most generally found foreigners at nude beaches in France and around Europe.[48]
Nude men at the Przystanek Woodstock festival, 2014