Lifestyles Job, cf. Weisner and Garnier, 1992). Children were followed from birth to
the present wave of data collection at age 17-18.
Because there was no sign in the literature that either of the goal behaviours is
to nudity or primal scenes. We reasoned instead that if injury was linked with
exposure to these events, such damage would result from interactions with particular
One such variable might be the sex of the kid.
cognitive science, and ethology predict gender differences in emotional mechanisms
mediating sexual behavior in individuals (Abramson and Pinkerton, 1995; Buss, 1994, 1995;
Although most evolutionary
theorizing about human sex differences in sexuality has focused on reproductively mature
People, sex differences in sexuality-related psychological response also have been
found among children and early teens (Gold and Gold, 1991; Knoth et al., 1988;
Sorenson, mentioned in Kirkendall and McBride, 1990). Inside their study of teenagers ages
12-18 who were asked to recall their first sexual arousal and sexual feelings, Knoth et
al. (1988) reported results correlates noticeably congruent with evolutionary theory.
Specifically, these researchers found that girls, as compared with boys, reported after
onset of arousal, less frequency of arousal, less extreme arousal, less diverting arousal,
and were less likely to have experienced first arousal in response to visual signals. In the
study by Gold and Gold (1991), men, relative to girls, reported that their boyhood
Dreams were more explicit and focused on the sexual acts themselves, more likely to
have resulted from visual cues, more likely to have resulted in positive rather than
differences in sexuality-related emotional reactions appear to be present at least from
preadolescence. They are often present far earlier than formerly imagined. http://www.thoun.com/categories/
explored this possibility in the present study.
Outcome measures were selected to represent long-term adjustment in a number of places of
concern to clinicians. These regions included: (i) self-acceptance; (ii) connections with parents,
peers, and other grownups; (iii) drug use; (iv) anti-social and criminal behaviour; (v) suicidal
ideation; (vi) social “difficulties”(3) associated with sexual behavior (getting pregnant or
relationships, attitudes, and beliefs.
1973 to examine emergent family life styles of that era (cf. Eiduson, 1983; Weisner and
Garnier, 1992; Weisner and Wilson-Mitchell, 1990). Fifty “standard” and 154
according to Hollingshead’s four-factor model (Hollingshead, 1975), were enrolled prior
to the birth of the target child.
living in the State of California when recruited.
32 years at the time of enrollment, and the families dropped between the 20th and 90th
national percentile of SES and http://www.thoun.com .
Normal families were defined as those in a “married couple relationship” and were
referred by a randomly chosen sample of obstetricians from the San Francisco, San
Diego, and Los Angeles areas. Traditional families were recruited through
Doctor referral, birthing office records, alternative media statements, and referral
by already enrolled participants. Traditional family forms contained intentional
contract” couples. During the latest wave of data collection, target children were
between the ages of 17 and 18 years. About equal numbers of boys and girls
participated, although the precise number changed somewhat with each wave of information
collection. Attrition for the FLS sample has been minimal nonetheless, with data between
95-98% complete for the first 18 years.
Data were collected using multiple procedures at frequent intervals during the first 6 years,
and less regular intervals for the following 6 years. Data were collected through FLS
staff home visit observation and assessment, parent and child interviews using FLS
measures, FLS questionnaires, teacher report, independent and school psychologists’
observations and assessments, and standard measures including objective and projective
tests administered by school psychologists and independent shrinks. No information were
Accumulated after 12 years until the current wave of data collection at year 17-18. For the